Glossary of Terms
Phelon - (Greek. Φαιλόνιο), the shirt is the upper liturgical clothing of the priest in the priesthood of Eastern Christianity. In ecclesiastical symbolism, felon means chlamydia, the king's outer garment, in which Jesus Christ was clothed during Pilate's judgment. In the Roman Church, the felon is a roe deer.
Initially, the felon was round, covering the whole body from head to toe, and had only a hole for the head. This appearance of the felon has remained almost unchanged in the Orthodox churches of the Greek tradition. In Ukraine, the felon had the appearance of a long back and short front of a wide cape with a cutout for the head, which is a later development of the Greek felon.
In church practice, there are 2 types of felon: Russian (conditional name) and Greek. The "Russian" felon is a church garment that was structurally formed during Rus' times. Such a felon is decorated with ribbons, a cross and an octagonal star ("star" in the people) according to a certain defined scheme. The "Russian" felon has a complex geometric shape of the forearm - the hard top. Therefore, it is the Russian felon that has the most significant structural disadvantages, from the point of view of its ergonomic correspondence to the figure of the person, and precisely through the structural knot of the "forearm", since it lacks a classic support area and its inner surface is tangent to the shoulder part of the body. Undoubtedly, such defects in the design of outer liturgical clothing cause significant discomfort during its operation and the ability to slightly change the body type of the priest's structure. The traditions and rules of the Ukrainian churches make it possible to use the Greek felon - a cloak that is worn over the neck and comfortably rests on the shoulders, without any rigid hand-holding, for the worship services (especially in summer).
The traditions and rules of the Ukrainian churches make it possible to use a Greek felon for a more convenient service (especially in the summer), without a hard hand.
Mantle - is a long sleeveless cape and a collar fastener, worn over the undercoat and dew. It can be used by both clergy and monks (archimandrites, scimonas). Normally, monks wear black hats, but at the same time, metropolitan and patriarchs of some churches also have the right to wear this vestment during ceremonial events.
A hood is a monk's headdress, consisting of a camouflage and black fabric (silk or crepe), which attaches to it and ends at the bottom with three long ends (resurrections). The hood completes the complete monastic attire that is worn during some kind of festive event.
For the services of the Bishops, the same vestment as the priest is put on, only in lieu of a felon of saccos, omophor on top, a stick as a symbol of the spiritual sword.
a sniper or a stichar - the lower liturgical service of the bishop, on which the epitrile is put on;
sleeves - designed to pull off the priests' garments, they are an integral part of the bishop's, jewish and deacon's dress. The use of sleeves means that it is not just human hands, but the Lord Himself who carries out the Mysteries through them;
epitrachil is an element of the priestly and jewish vestments, the minimum required for priesthood. It is a long bandage that covers the neck, fits on the chest and falls down. It symbolizes Divine grace, so no Epiphany can perform any Divine service, as well as share the Holy Mysteries;
Belt - Dressed on top of the cloak and the epitrile, symbolizing the Divine power, as well as the towel that the Savior was girded on while washing the feet of the disciples at the Last Supper;
legguard, kneecap - an element of liturgical clothing of the bishop and the priest awarded to him, in the form of a handkerchief on the thigh, suspended on his belt;
saccos - the bishop's top liturgical clothing, short, wide-sleeved garments, is worn over the upper arm and the epitrile. It symbolizes the Savior's purple;
omophor - is a long and wide ribbon-shaped board, with embroidered crosses. It rests on the bishop's shoulder so that, wrapping around his neck, he descends (falls) at one end from the front and the other from behind. It symbolizes the evangelical good shepherd who should be the bishop to feed his flock. Without omophorus, bishops cannot perform priests;
stick is a rectangular board worn over the sacs on the right thigh. It symbolizes the spiritual sword armed with clergy to combat unbelief and devilish powers;
panagia - breast icon with the image of the Virgin, which is the distinguished bishop;
miter is the liturgical headdress of the bishop, as well as some of the heresies awarded the bishop. It is an enlarged and rounded top crowned with icons. The bishop's miter is also decorated with precious stones, symbolizing a crown of thorns worn on the head of the Savior during His passions.
The heresy dressing has the following elements:
undercut, stichar - lower liturgical clothing, made of thin fabric, long narrow sleeves with laces at the edges, which are tightened on the hands. It symbolizes the chiton in which the Savior walked during his earthly life
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